EARLY SYMPTOMS OF MODERNISM IN TRADITIONAL BALINESE PAINTING BEGAN IN NORTHERN BALI
The history of radical changes in traditional Balinese art towards modern art took place in the 1930s. Visual changes in Balinese art are not like changes in modern art in the West or in Indonesia. The visualization that was born still shows a strong style of tradition even though modern principles have been demonstrated. What happened in Ubud in the 1930s actually began in North Bali in the 1870s. It is the role of two Dutch people named Van der Tuuk and W.O.J. Nieuwenkamp, a language scientist and academic artist, contributed to introducing modern art to North Balinese artists. The interaction between the two people with a local artist gave birth to a traditional art that was different from the tradition of art in general in Bali. Signs of change shown in his paintings such as, from decorative to expressive, techniques and media, changes in the theme and function of art are no longer in the spiritual direction but more towards profane. This study uses a qualitative method with a historical approach to be able to see the chronological factors of the process of visual change in North Bali that is different from South Bali.
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