Leveraging Visual-Spatial Abilities to Unlock Speech: An Arts-Based Interdisciplinary Approach to Promoting Inclusion and Equity for Children with Autism

  • Muhamad Hafiz Hassan College of Creative Arts, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Cawangan Sarawak, 94300, Kota Samarahan, Sarawak
  • Rainal Hidayat Wardi College of Creative Arts, Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Mohamad Hariri Hj Abdullah College of Creative Arts, Universiti Teknologi MARA Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Badrul Isa Faculty of Education, Universiti Teknologi MARA,UiTM Kampus Puncak Alam, Puncak Alam, Selangor, Malaysia

Abstract

This paper investigates the relationship between visual-spatial abilities, cognitive factors, affective factors, and speech fluency achievement in children with Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD). ASD impacts communication, behavior, and thinking. Children with ASD often exhibit speech fluency difficulties, which can inhibit academic success. However, individuals with ASD possess strong visual-spatial abilities for processing visual information. This study hypothesized that visual-spatial abilities influence speech fluency through cognitive factors (prior knowledge, executive functions) and affective factors (self-efficacy, attitude). A conceptual framework integrated Novak’s Meaningful Learning Model examining relationships between cognitive, affective, and achievement factors. A quantitative methodology utilized questionnaires to collect data for statistical analysis. Results revealed positive, significant effects of cognitive and affective factors on speech fluency. Mediation analysis found partial mediator effects for prior knowledge, attitude, and executive functions between visual-spatial abilities and speech fluency. Findings supported an integrated Visual-Spatial Mediated Model of Speech Fluency in ASD Children (i-VSM). This model can guide interventions to improve speech and language outcomes for children with ASD, supporting their educational development and success. Findings have implications for supporting the UN Sustainable Development Goals on quality education and reduced inequalities for disadvantaged children. 


 


Keywords: Autism Spectrum Disorder (ASD), visual-spatial abilities, speech fluency, prior knowledge, self-efficacy, attitude, executive functions 

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Published
2024-04-01
How to Cite
HASSAN, Muhamad Hafiz et al. Leveraging Visual-Spatial Abilities to Unlock Speech: An Arts-Based Interdisciplinary Approach to Promoting Inclusion and Equity for Children with Autism. Idealogy Journal, [S.l.], v. 9, n. 1, apr. 2024. ISSN 2550-214X. Available at: <https://idealogyjournal.com/ojs/index.php/idealogy/article/view/513>. Date accessed: 20 may 2024. doi: https://doi.org/10.24191/idealogy.v9i1.513.