Systematic Review on The Integration of Universal Design in Architectural Outdoor Environments of Higher Educational Institutions

  • Mohamad Redhuan Ramli Faculty of Design and Architecture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Noranita Mansor Faculty of Design and Architecture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Mohamad Fakri Zaky Ja'afar Faculty of Design and Architecture, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Mohammad Mujaheed Hassan Faculty of Human Ecology, Universiti Putra Malaysia, Serdang, Selangor, Malaysia
  • Ishak Ramli Islamic Research on Art, Design and Humanities (IRADAH) Research Interest Group, Universiti Teknologi MARA, Shah Alam, Selangor, Malaysia


Universities are a critical place for preparing humans for their future endeavours because they provide the necessary knowledge and skills for personal and professional growth. However, inadequate accessibility for students with disabilities (SWDs) has hindered them from fully participating in any university programmes that cause of lack connectivity in High Educational Institution (HEI) campuses area. With the growing numbers of SWDs, HEI should be freely access without any discrimination regarding to the physical environment. Therefore, this article will review the current literature on integration of Universal Design (UD) in HEI for the past 15 years. It is thought that the information and knowledge presented in this review can aid higher education institutions in creating a more inclusive environment to support students with disabilities (SWDs) during their campus life. A list of keywords (UD theory and principles, Students with Disabilities, Accessibility in HEI, and Outdoor environments) related to the scope of this research was identified. In the second step, the keyword for studies on Scopus and WoS were searched, and total of 20 papers were reviewed. A themed review was carried out, where 33 sub-themes were identified based on the keywords. The result suggests a new accessibility model for the integration of UD in architectural environments. This study will benefit future researchers that focus on outdoor environment with the integration of UD theory.

Keywords: Universal Design (UD), Student with Disabilities (SWDs), High Educational Institution (HEI), Outdoor Environment


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How to Cite
RAMLI, Mohamad Redhuan et al. Systematic Review on The Integration of Universal Design in Architectural Outdoor Environments of Higher Educational Institutions. Idealogy Journal, [S.l.], v. 8, n. 2, sep. 2023. ISSN 2550-214X. Available at: <>. Date accessed: 20 may 2024. doi:

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