The Impact Of Misinformation In Social Media That Caused Panic Behavior On Covid-19 Pandemic Among University Students In Ipoh, Perak
Social networking has become a regular part of everyone's life. Nowadays, practically everyone uses social media and messaging platforms for communication, especially university students who frequently use smartphones and other devices for social interaction and communication. Due to this, university students began to believe the information shared on social media without verifying its accuracy. The veracity of the information shared on social media is unconfirmed for a number of reasons. Some of the false information spread has led to students at the university behaving panicked. As a result, the focus of this study will be on the effect of misleading news on Covid-19 among Malaysian university students. This will help to ensure that the study's goals, which include determining how social media misinformation influences university students' behaviour and fostering the spread of fear about COVID-19 in Malaysia, are successfully attained. In due to that the study uses quantitative methodology as its main research approach. Information was gathered by the researcher from university students using online surveys. The findings of this study indicated that disinformation disseminated via social media platforms, particularly the amplifying of dread that resulted in increased worry and anxiety, was likely to have an impact on university students in Ipoh, Perak. In order to discover the trends that may spread to other new consumers, particularly with the increased adoption of mobile connectivity, this study should be continued by focusing on the behavioural patterns and attitudes of this news consumption segment.
Keywords: Misinformation, social media, panic behaviour, Covid-19, university students
Ahmad, A. R., & Murad, H. R. (2020). The impact of social media on panic during the COVID-19 pandemic in iraqi kurdistan: Online questionnaire study. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(5), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.2196/19556
Áine, D., Margaret‐Anne, L., & Jennifer, R. (2010). Young people’s use of online social networking sites – a uses and gratifications perspective. Journal of Research in Interactive Marketing, 4(1), 46–58. https://doi.org/10.1108/17505931011033551
Akram, W., & Kumar, R. (2017). A Study on Positive and Negative Effects of Social Media on Society. International Journal of Computer Sciences and Engineering, 5(10), 351–354. https://doi.org/10.26438/ijcse/v5i10.351354
Apuke, O. D., & Omar, B. (2020). Fake news and COVID-19: modelling the predictors of fake news sharing among social media users. Telematics and Informatics, 101475. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.tele.2020.101475
Barua, Z., Barua, S., Aktar, S., Kabir, N., & Li, M. (2020). Effects of misinformation on COVID-19 individual responses and recommendations for resilience of disastrous consequences of misinformation. Progress in Disaster Science, 8, 100119. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.pdisas.2020.100119
Baruah, T. D. (2012). Effectiveness of Social Media as a tool of communication and its potential for technology enabled connections: A micro-level study. International Journal of Scientific and Research Publications, 2(5), 1–10. https://doi.org/ISSN 2250-3153
Brennen, J. S., Simon, F. M., Howard, P. N., & Nielsen, R. K. (2020). Types, Sources, and Claims of COVID-19 Misinformation. Oxford University Press, April, 1–13.
Casero-Ripollés, A. (2020). Impact of covid-19 on the media system. Communicative and democratic consequences of news consumption during the outbreak. Profesional de La Informacion, 29(2), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.3145/epi.2020.mar.23
Destiny, O., & Omar, B. (2020). Fake news and COVID-19: modelling the predictors of fake news sharing among social media users. January.
Fotis, J. N. (2015). The use of social media and its impacts on consumer behaviour : the context of holiday travel. The Use of Socialmedia and Its Impacts on Consumer Behaviour: The Context of Holiday Travel, May, 1–405.
González-Padilla, D. A., & Tortolero-Blanco, L. (2020). Social media influence in the COVID-19 pandemic. International Braz J Urol, 46(Suppl 1), 120–124. https://doi.org/10.1590/S1677-5538.IBJU.2020.S121
Gul, H., Ijaz, A., Khalid, A., & Khan, T. (2020). Knowledge, attitude, and perception of University students toward COVID-19 Pandemic. Pakistan Journal of Surgery and Medicine, 1(3), e148. https://doi.org/10.37978/pjsm.v1i3.148
Halpern, D., Valenzuela, S., Katz, J., & Miranda, J. P. (2019). From Belief in Conspiracy Theories to Trust in Others: Which Factors Influence Exposure, Believing and Sharing Fake News. In Lecture Notes in Computer Science (including subseries Lecture Notes in Artificial Intelligence and Lecture Notes in Bioinformatics): Vol. 11578 LNCS (Issue September 2020). Springer International Publishing. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-030-21902-4_16
Hashim, K., Al-Sharqi, L., & Kutbi, I. (2019). Perceptions of Social Media Impact on Social Behavior of Students: A Comparison between Arts and Science Faculty. Online Journal of Communication and Media Technologies, 6(4), 122–131. https://doi.org/10.29333/ojcmt/2574
Hussain, I. (2012). A Study to Evaluate the Social Media Trends among University Students. Procedia - Social and Behavioral Sciences, 64, 639–645. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.sbspro.2012.11.075
Kim, H. K., Ahn, J., Atkinson, L., & Kahlor, L. A. (2020). Effects of COVID-19 Misinformation on Information Seeking, Avoidance, and Processing: A Multicountry Comparative Study. Science Communication, 42(5), 586–615. https://doi.org/10.1177/1075547020959670
Kim, K. S., Joanna Sin, S. C., & Yoo-Lee, E. Y. (2014). Undergraduates’ use of social media as information sources. College and Research Libraries, 75(4), 442–457. https://doi.org/10.5860/crl.75.4.442
Kyung-Sun Kim1, kskim@slis. wisc. ed., & Sei-Ching Joanna Sin2, joanna. sin@ntu. edu. s. (2015). Use of social media in different contexts of information seeking: effects of sex and problem-solving style. Information Research, 20(1), 68–80. http://libaccess.sjlibrary.org/login?url=https://search.ebscohost.com/login.aspx?direct=true&db=lls&AN=101847511&site=ehost-live&scope=site
Lee, J. J., Kang, K. A., Wang, M. P., Zhao, S. Z., Wong, J. Y. H., O’Connor, S., Yang, S. C., & Shin, S. (2020). Associations between COVID-19 misinformation exposure and belief with COVID-19 knowledge and preventive behaviors: cross-sectional online study. Journal of Medical Internet Research, 22(11), 1–13. https://doi.org/10.2196/22205
Morris, M. R., Teevan, J., & Panovich, K. (2010). A comparison of information seeking using search engines and social networks. ICWSM 2010 - Proceedings of the 4th International AAAI Conference on Weblogs and Social Media, 291–294.
Nwabueze, C., & Okonkwo, E. (2018). Rethinking the Bullet Theory in the Digital Age. International Journal of Media, Journalism and Mass Communications, 4(2), 1–10. https://doi.org/10.20431/2454-9479.0402001
Pennycook, G., McPhetres, J., Zhang, Y., Lu, J. G., & Rand, D. G. (2020). Fighting COVID-19 Misinformation on Social Media: Experimental Evidence for a Scalable Accuracy-Nudge Intervention. Psychological Science, 31(7), 770–780. https://doi.org/10.1177/0956797620939054
Pentina, I., & Tarafdar, M. (2014). From “information” to “knowing”: Exploring the role of social media in contemporary news consumption. Computers in Human Behavior, 35(January 2018), 211–223. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.chb.2014.02.045
R, J., D, B., & waran, K. (2020). Social Media Reigned by Information or Misinformation About COVID-19: A Phenomenological Study. SSRN Electronic Journal, April. https://doi.org/10.2139/ssrn.3596058
Sallam, M., Dababseh, D., Yaseen, A., Al-Haidar, A., Taim, D., Eid, H., Ababneh, N. A., Bakri, F. G., & Mahafzah, A. (2020). COVID-19 misinformation: mere harmless delusions or much more? A knowledge and attitude cross-sectional study among the general public residing in Jordan. MedRxiv, 2020.07.13.20152694. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0243264
Shafique, F., Anwar, M., & Bushra, M. (2010). Exploitation of social media among university students: A case study. Webology, 7(2), 1–10.
Sonnenwald, D. H., & Pierce, L. G. (2000). Information behavior in dynamic group work contexts: Interwoven situational awareness, dense social networks and contested collaboration in command and control. Information Processing and Management, 36(3), 461–479. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0306-4573(99)00039-4
van der Linden, S., Roozenbeek, J., & Compton, J. (2020). Inoculating Against Fake News About COVID-19. Frontiers in Psychology, 11(October), 1–7. https://doi.org/10.3389/fpsyg.2020.566790
Wang, Q., Chen, W., & Liang, Y. (2011). The Effects of Social Media on College Students. RSCH5500-Research & Analysis, 13. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1548-
This work is licensed under a Creative Commons Attribution-NonCommercial-NoDerivatives 4.0 International License.
UiTM Press (the Publisher) has agreed to publish the undersigned author’s paper in Idealogy Journal. The agreement is contingent upon the fulfilment of a number of requirements listed below.
1. The undersigned author warrants that the paper entitled below is original, that it is not in any way libellous or unlawful in Malaysia, that it does not infringe any copyright or other proprietary right. The undersigned hereby represents and warrants that he/she is the author of the paper, except for material that is clearly identified as to its original source, with permission notices from the copyright owners where required. The undersigned represents that he/she has the power and authority to sign and execute this agreement.
2. The undersigned author warrants that the paper entitled below has not been published elsewhere, and also it will not be submitted anywhere else for publication prior to acceptance/rejection by this Journal.
3. By submitting the paper entitled below, the undersigned author agrees to transfer the rights to publish and distribute the paper in an international e-journal (entitled above) to Publisher.
4. The undersigned author agrees to make a reasonable effort to conform to Publisher's submission guidelines and to liaise with the editor to ensure that the requirements of these guidelines are met to a reasonable degree.
5. The corresponding author signs for and accepts responsibility for releasing this material on behalf of any and all coauthors. This agreement is to be signed by at least one of the authors who has obtained the assent of the co-author(s) where applicable. After submission of this agreement signed by the corresponding author, changes of authorship or in the order of the authors listed will not be accepted.